The cost of environmental damage includes discouragement of the tourist trade, reduced overseas markets and revenue for fish products, reduced production from fisheries and increased purchase costs for chemical and mechanical clean-up operations. The cause of this is all sanitation-related, either from poor lake water quality or poor hygiene during the catching process.
The improvement of sanitation is a highly political process targeting all elected officials in the country starting with the President, who according to his political manifesto many years back included sanitation as part of his top priorities, moving down to the village level.
Apparently, it should be the intention of the government to reach the entire population by using a community based participatory approach, change the norms in regards to sanitation.
Beware of the complicated nature of the sector: this has been one major reason for its poor performance as compared to other MDGs. Sanitation responsibilities span multiple stakeholders and cannot just be improved by the distribution of a product. So unlike other issues, tackling sanitation requires generating a significant amount of support in complicated political and financial conditions.
Consultant evaluation and monitoring on environmental and sanitation projects.
Avoid a one-size-fits-all style of implementation: In order to reach different poor communities and their different needs, we will need to develop specific targeted and tailored strategies for each group.